In 2016, Graphcore announced the worlds first graph tool chain designed for machine intelligence called Poplar Software Stack. On 20 July 2017 Graphcore announced their first chip called the Colossus GC2, a “16 nm massively parallel, mixed-precision floating point processor”, first available in 2018. Packaged with two chips on a single PCI Express card called the Graphcore C2 IPU, it is slated to perform the same role as a GPU in conjunction with standard machine learning frameworks such as TensorFlow. Graphcore is a semiconductor company that develops accelerators for AI and machine learning. It aims to make a massively parallel Intelligence Processing Unit (IPU) that holds the complete machine learning model inside the processor.